Collagen gummies, pills, and supplements are inevitable, and they boast of being the cure for the inevitable signs of aging and mature skin. However, instead of investing in anti-aging creams, people are now choosing to add collagen to their smoothies, coffees and juices, hoping to reach their skin goals. After months of consistent use, people reportedly saw results, including radiant and dewy skin, luscious curls, and stronger nails. Collagen seems to rewind time. But is it really a miracle?
Younger women drink collagen lattes to prevent aging, while older women take collagen pills to soften the natural effects of aging. Not only aging can lead to the disappearance of collagen. Smoking, alcohol, sun exposure, and general poor nutrition can all precede collagen reduction.
Even though collagen is the most popular anti-aging agent in the beauty and wellness industry, the effectiveness of collagen is still questioned. Let’s find out if collagen supplements are a hit or a miss.
What is collagen?
Collagen makes up one third of all the protein found in the human body and accounts for three quarters of the dry weight of skin. Dr. Murtuza Bandukwala, dermatologist at Cosmocare Medical Center, explained: “Collagen is the most abundant solid, insoluble, fibrous protein and makes up about 75 percent of the protein in the human body. Collagen is found throughout the body, especially in the skin and bones. , muscles and connective tissues. Collagen forms the scaffold that provides strength and structure to tissue and anchors cells to each other.”
It is natural for our body to start reducing collagen production. “Aging causes a decrease in the amount of collagen, which leads to dryness, brittleness and weakness of tissues. Menopause, smoking, sunlight (exposure to UV rays causes collagen to break down quickly), environmental pollution, genetics, and autoimmune diseases are some of the reasons for collagen depletion. said Dr. Amathus Sumaya, Specialist Dermatologist at Prime Medical Center Zero 6, Sharjah.
Collagen is the most abundant solid, insoluble, fibrous protein and makes up about 75 percent of the protein in the human body.
– Dr. Murtuza Bandukwala, dermatologist at Cosmocare Medical Center.
This is where collagen supplements come in to help prevent accelerated collagen breakdown and avoid the natural aging process of the skin. Aging is a natural and complex biological process influenced by internal and external factors. But because we live in a society where beauty and youth are seen as the standard bearers of overall health and well-being, we are therefore investing in anti-aging strategies.
Collagen is one of the most popular means of local and oral prophylaxis. But according to Dr. Bandukwala, hydrolyzed collagen (also known as collagen peptides) is key because it is made up of the same amino acids but is easily absorbed by our bodies. Collagen itself is hard to break down by the body. He said: “Hydrolyzed collagen has been pre-broken down, making it easier for the body to break down and use amino acids. This process converts amino acids into collagen peptides without damaging them or affecting their beneficial properties. quickly absorbed into the bloodstream for use by your body. When choosing collagen supplements, always look for hydrolyzed collagen in the ingredients.”
Collagen contains three amino acids: glycine, proline, and hydroxyproline. Dr. Bandukwala also added: “The collagen molecule is in the form of a triple helix that connects with other collagen molecules in the skin to form a mesh network in the dermis, which is the middle layer of skin between the epidermis and subcutaneous fat. You can think of it as the “glue” that holds all these things together.”
Different types of collagen supplements:
Before you click “add to cart” for golden latte collagen powder and blueberry flavored collagen gummies, Dr. Bandukwala says that the benefits of collagen depend on its type and quality.
Type I: This type makes up 90 percent of your body’s collagen and is made up of densely packed fibers. It provides structure to the skin, bones, tendons, fibrocartilage, and connective tissues. Gelatin coated capsules and collagen protein powders are made from bovine (bovine) collagen, which is a source of type I collagen.
Type II: While all three types of collagen are commonly used as supplements, type II collagen is most widely used in medicine and around the world to treat a range of conditions, from immunity and digestive health to improved athletic performance, arthritis and joint pain relief.
Chicken collagen is composed primarily of type II collagen. This type is most commonly used in medicine. It contains chondroitin and glucosamine, natural compounds used to support joint mobility and flexibility, as well as rare and essential amino acids.
Type III: This type of collagen is often combined with the other two types of collagen in supplement form.
Traditionally, collagen is sourced from the bones and skin of animals, but recent developments in health and wellness have created a collagen supplement made from modified yeast and bacteria.
Bottom line: Does collagen live up to the hype?
A clinical study conducted in 2016 showed that the use of the two main collagen peptides, prolyl-hydroxyproline (Pro-Hyp) and hydroxypropyl-glycine (Hyp-Gly), leads to improved hydration, elasticity of the skin of the face, reduction of wrinkles and roughness. Oral collagen peptides have a beneficial effect on skin hydration and stimulate collagen production.
But it’s important to be aware of collagen clinical trials because many of them are funded by interested parties (skin care companies), so the results can be biased.
Despite the abundance of collagen creams and serums that dominate the shelves of every beauty store, this is not a miracle elixir. Dr. Bandukwala says that topical collagen cannot penetrate into the deeper layers of the skin. “Topically applied collagen skin care products such as creams, lotions and serums often do not reach the deeper layers of the skin, having a causal effect on skin aging processes.
“Cosmetic lotions and creams that claim to increase collagen levels are unlikely to do so because the collagen molecules are too large to be absorbed through the skin,” Dr. Sumaya said.
The results of clinical studies have shown that oral collagen supplements promote wound healing, increase skin hydration, elasticity and density of dermal collagen.
Collagen supplements do take months or a year to see results. If you’re looking for instant gratification and instantly look years younger, fillers are the answer, but they can cost a lot of money.
Cosmetic lotions and creams that claim to increase collagen levels are unlikely to do so because the collagen molecules are too large to be absorbed through the skin.
– Dr. Amathus Sumaya, Specialist Dermatologist at Prime Medical Center Zero 6, Sharjah.
Dr. Bandukwala says the claims about collagen supplements are ambiguous and unfounded because they are not subject to FDA (Food and Drug Administration) pre-screening. “Most of them are considered dietary supplements, so they are not subject to the FDA. Preview. To fill this knowledge gap, clinical studies are being conducted on the potential effects of collagen-based nutritional supplements on the skin,” he said.
Dr. Bandukwala cited two studies demonstrating the effectiveness of oral collagen supplements.
“Eleven studies with a total of 805 patients were included for the review. In most of the studies, collagen hydrolyzate (collagen peptides) 2.5 g to 10 g for 8–24 weeks was used to treat pressure ulcers, xerosis, skin aging, and cellulite. Several studies have used collagen tripeptide (similar to type I collagen) at 3g for 4-12 weeks with marked improvement in skin elasticity and hydration.”
Does collagen have any potential side effects?
Collagen is generally safe to consume and does not have any noticeable side effects. “Overall, the side effects of collagen supplements are negligible. In rare cases, they can cause diarrhea, a general feeling of heaviness in the stomach, and a rash. It is not recommended for pregnant and lactating mothers, as their safety profile has not been studied,” said Dr. Sumaya.
Dr. Bandukwala said: “Collagen supplements can lead to side effects such as bad taste in the mouth, heartburn and feelings of fullness. If you are allergic, make sure you buy supplements that are not made from collagen sources that you are allergic to. “
One of the basic rules of skin care is to apply sunscreen and avoid sun exposure, as sun damage causes collagen to degrade rapidly. But topical and oral supplements won’t have any effect unless you make changes to your diet and lifestyle. If you want to delay the signs of aging, Dr. Sumaya suggests adding collagen-boosting foods to your diet:
Eat these foods to prevent aging
Proline: egg whites, meat, cheese, soy and cabbage.
Anthocyanidins: berries and cherries
Vitamin C: oranges, strawberries, broccoli.
Copper: shellfish, nuts, red meat.
Vitamin A: carrots, sweet potatoes, dried apricots, spinach, red peppers.
Most collagen capsules and powders contain enhancers or added vitamins, minerals and plant extracts, vitamin C, zinc, and hyaluronic acid to help stimulate collagen production. However, there is a lot of conflicting evidence about oral collagen substitutes. But collagen is mostly harmless and has no side effects.