Experts say a recently discovered Neanderthal skull has shown that our ancient relatives may have been around for thousands of years longer than we think.
The skull fragments were found near Barcelona, where traces of a Neanderthal deer hunter’s site were found. The researchers now say the skull fragments will give experts insight into how the species communicated and lived. They are also expected to give them an accurate picture of the climatic conditions of the time.
The finds were made at the Abric Romani archaeological site in the city of Cappellades in the city of Barcelona in Catalonia, Spain on August 19. This led researchers to conclude that Neanderthals lived in the region for much longer than previously thought. imaginary.
The remains of the skull were discovered after 40 years of continuous research at the site by a team led by Juald Carbonell, researcher at the Catalan Institute of Human Paleoecology and Social Evolution and professor of prehistory at the University of Rovira and Virgili in Tarragona in Spain. .
The team announced the “exceptional find” in a tweet on August 25. According to the researchers: “(This puts Abrica Romani on) the podium of the most important archaeological site in the world to learn about the social and cultural behavior of Neanderthals. .”
The discovery will also provide insight into the cultural and social behavior of hominins and is the first find of its kind at the site. Until now, the remains of a Neanderthal have been found only in two places in Catalonia: in an old quarry on Pla de la Formiga, near Banyoles, and in Cova del Ghegant, in Sitges.
These remains date back to 72,000 years ago, but the skull remains are said to be 12,000 years younger. According to experts, this indicates that Neanderthals flourished in Europe for much longer than previously thought.
During the presentation of the remains of the skull, which was attended by the Minister of Culture of Catalonia and various experts in this field, Carbonell said that the finds can provide new information about the way Neanderthals communicate with each other.
“Each bone tells us something new. It’s Pandora’s box,” Carbonell said.
“We hope that they are not the last, but the first,” he concluded.
The team’s goal is to determine the age and gender of the person who owned the skull while looking for other bones during the excavation. The discovery coincides with the 40th anniversary of an excavation carried out at Abric Romani, a large rock shelter found on the side of a cliff called Cinglera del Capello.
The site was discovered in 1909 and dates back to the Middle Paleolithic, making it the oldest archaeological site in Catalonia.
This story was provided to Newsweek by Zenger News.