What is a monsoon? What to know about this rainy season.

It may seem that the weather is getting more extreme every year. Each summer, countries are engulfed by record high temperatures, extreme droughts and severe thunderstorms.

This extends into autumn and winter with dangerous hurricanes and snowstorms that leave people injured and dead at worst.

While extreme weather is on the rise and poses a serious threat to people’s safety, there are also many weather events that occur each year, such as the monsoons.

But what are monsoons and where do they occur? We have the answers.

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What is monsoon?

According to Live Science, the word “monsoon” comes from the Arabic word “mawsim”, which means season. Unlike single heavy downpours, monsoons are seasonal wind shear over a region that can bring heavy rain or drought.

May 17, 2022: People work at the fish market in Kochi, Kerala, India.  India's meteorological department expects the southwest monsoon to hit the country's south coast ahead of schedule this year.

According to National Geographic, the Indian Ocean-related monsoon blows from cold to warm regions, and the summer and winter monsoons affect the climate of much of India and Southeast Asia.

The summer monsoons are generally wet and occur from April to September. These monsoons bring warm, moist air from the southwest Indian Ocean to India, Bangladesh, Myanmar, and Sri Lanka. Summer monsoons typically bring heavy rains and a humid climate to these regions.

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