Colloquially, infanticide means the killing or killing of a very young child who is less than 1 year old.
While there is no specific infanticide law in the United Arab Emirates, the Vadima law provides protection for children in the UAE.
What is Vadim’s Law?
The Vadima Law is Federal Law No. 3 of 2016 on the rights of the child, which deals with the rights and protections guaranteed to the child. In accordance with Article 3 of the Vadima Law, the child is under the protection of the State without discrimination based on origin, sex, country of residence, religion, social status or disability.
Protection under the law of Vadim
One of the fundamental rights of the child under the Vadima Law is that the child has the right to life and security. This means that the child has the fundamental right to be alive and live his own life in accordance with Article 7 of the Vadim Law.
In addition, the Vadima Law obliges the competent authorities and interested organizations to support the child’s right to life, survival and development and provide all necessary opportunities to facilitate this and provide the child with a free, safe and developed life. The authorities also have an obligation to protect the child from neglect, exploitation and abuse. The competent authorities must protect the best interests of the child at all times. These duties of the authorities are set out in Article 2 of the Vadim Law.
In addition, Article 4 of the Vadim’s Law states that the child’s family of origin is the first and best environment for his upbringing. But such a family can be replaced by an alternative family, while the protection of the child and his best interests are the priority of the authorities. The authorities will provide the child with protection, care, rescue and guidance in the event of emergencies, natural disasters, armed conflicts and any crime committed against the child.
Can a child be rejected or neglected?
No, section 35 of the Vadima Law prohibits a child from being rejected, homeless or neglected. Article 34 of the Vadima Law also prohibits endangering the mental, psychological, physical or moral integrity of a child, whether as a result of a child being abandoned by a guardian, leaving a child in an institution for no reason, etc.
It is forbidden to subject a child to torture or to perform any act of cruelty that affects the emotional, psychological, mental or moral health of the child.
What protective measures can be taken to protect the child?
While the Vadima Law lists several child protection measures, one of which is the appointment of a child protection specialist. Under section 51 of the Vadima Law, any act or omission that creates a threat to the life, physical, psychological, mental or moral integrity or health of a child that cannot be avoided over time will be considered significant harm or imminent danger to the child. . In such cases of significant harm or imminent danger to the child, the child protection specialist removes the child from the place where he is currently located and transfers him to a safe place. The Child Protection Specialist performs this action at his or her own responsibility.
Within 24 hours of the above action, the child protection specialist will receive a court order to proceed with the arrangements for keeping the child in a safe place.
The protection of a child’s life is protected by federal law in the United Arab Emirates and it is the responsibility of the authorities and relevant guardians to ensure that the protections provided for in the Vadim’s Law are properly implemented.